I started writing  Pennsylvania Echoes  because I wanted to improve my grammar.  I chose meditation, mindfulness and how they apply to my daily life, as the blog’s subject matter.  Writing about Mental Health Management has received the most appreciation.
My world- view will not cure mental disorder. but I cannot separate my world view entirely from management or my great concerns for Mental Health.  So I must present my thoughts, and tips on “Mental Wellness” in my own way and from my own experience–  if I am to be honest.
Any information you find is meaningful is presented as is.  There is no Warranty. Too bad I can’t cure my bad grammar.

Labor Markets

Khan Academy https://www.khanacademy.org/

How Labor Markets are calculated in a Capitalist Venue

labor Market

The nominal market in which workers find paying work, employers find willing workers, and wage rates are determined.

Read more: http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/labor-market.html


in the context of the firm , ask the question ” How much benefit is the firm getting when it hires that incremental employee .
In return applicants to a new job are selling there skills and experience to convince a hiring firm that the applicant will satisfy that demand.

    Marginal Revenue Product

  • A marginal revenue product (MRP), also known as the marginal value product, is the market value of one additional unit of output.
  • The marginal revenue product is calculated by multiplying the marginal physical product (MPP) by the marginal revenue (MR).
  • The MRP assumes that the expenditures on other factors remain unchanged.

source http://www.investopedia.com/terms/m/marginal-revenue-product-mrp.asp

spontaneous self therapy

fifteen minute investment of my day – becoming aware of stress in the here-now moment. (posted 2007)

Pennsylvania Echoes

Over the course of my ten to twelve hour work day the stress builds. Physical work, Strategic planning and multi- tasking (the most unnatural of activities)… they take there toll on the body.

Many people plan exercises and hobbies to deal with stress over a course of a week.
I find that i need to alleviate high stress levels in the moment that i become aware of them. Stress is built up physiological energy in the body, it needs to go somewhere.

Today on a very difficult and stressful day i could feel the stress building, I was on a tow motor much of the day, not being physical enough to allow stresses to be channeled out of me.
So i made time for myself to take a break. found a place that i could some self therapy.

Starting with some bellow breathing (Slow full and complete exhales through the…

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Fundamental and Creative

two ways – meditating for better being

Pennsylvania Echoes

I have two loose categories of meditating that i use today. I will call them “Fundamental” meditation and “Creative Meditation….

Fundamental Meditation

My fundamental meditation is a planned daily meditation, often with my daily exercise. I started years ago with Breathing exercises. Later I used basic Pranayama as my daily planned meditation. Today I use Zazen seated meditation, I find the most effective for me now.

The purpose of my fundamental meditating is to promote discipline in concentration, breathing, and posture over the course of a day. Also it helps keep me tuning in.
Zazen … similar to a morning jog, or shaving… is not always something i look forward to doing, But i always seem to feel refreshed afterwards.

Creative Meditation

My Creative meditation is spontaneous and unplanned. It can be a new breathing exercise to experiment with…Or using meditation and applying it to journaling, drawling, dancing…

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garage and musak -Kurt Cobain

word-music interwoven

Pennsylvania Echoes

Canadian Interview

Cobain spoken of his artistic profession, and the non-artistic hassles of entertainment business, and clears some misinformations of inspirations ans such. From my fan readings of art guilds, its appears to be still relevant. Social observations of “coercions” such as alleged forced “trolling” forced stalking from fans, slander, pirating is a problem that goes on today.
Musicians, actors, and soon “INTERNET celebrities react by seeking protections of including lawyers and security.

Today more people understand the street theater and “mobbing” consciousness – perhaps Cobain was a victim of it, as it is alleged about the music business (put a finger on that ). plausible scenarios:

  • the musician faces harassment, the harassment COULD have been provoked, this is not the musicians problem directly, but the reaction is to hire lawyers, security, etc.
    The emotional and social pressure can affect the artists art and personal…

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Driving the Tao

Sanctuaries & Day Tripping –
previous posted. 2008

Pennsylvania Echoes

The plan for the day was to take my aging parents up to a “butterfly Sanctuary”.
It was my fathers idea. This Sanctuary where thousands of of Butterflies visit, was located near a State Game land Preserve here in Pennsylvania. Take in the Nature and snap some pictures 45 minutes from where i picked my parents up in my car.
As usual ,we never got the directions to destination correct, even though we were pretty familiar with the Roads. We never could find the place… and potential argument was brewing between me and my father. It just seem so important, to my father, to get to  this destination, …fumbling through directions…Just to get to a now lost end point.

I began to get impatient with our ,seemingly desperate, attempt to this Butterfly field, as i noted the irony that we were driving through the hills with tall thick trees…

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Tao Te Ching chapter 16

previously posted #Tao #LaoTzu #ten #thousand

Pennsylvania Echoes


Empty yourself of everything.
Let the mind rest at peace.
The ten thousand things rise and fall while the Self watches their return.
They grow and flourish and then return to the source.
Returning to the source is stillness, which is the way of nature.
The way of nature is unchanging.
Knowing constancy is insight.
Not knowing constancy leads to disaster.
Knowing constancy, the mind is open.
With an open mind, you will be openhearted.
Being openhearted, you will act royally.
Being royal, you will attain the divine.
Being divine, you will be at one with the Tao.
Being at one with the Tao is eternal.
And though the body dies, the Tao will never pass away.

(translation by Gia-fu Feng and Jane English)
thanks to http://www.wussu.com/laotzu/index.htm

The  consciousness of  the happenings of one’s  body is his mind.  When he or she is  aware of  the particulars of …

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William James Table of Self Concept

of Self
Examples feelings aroused seeking-
Body, clothes, family

finance , deeds,


ownership , love , threatened , wronged , secure stability , routine , security , control ,
shopping, home rules
home , property , family , bedroom
roles at work , clubs pride , friendly,
belonging , importance , competitive , alienated
awards, money , influence friends , employees , withdraw ,
reservation ,ethics
volunteer , gatherings, bar , clubs , social networks , prison
mindful of choice
meaning , purpose , boredom , satisfaction , exercise, wellness , “mind candy” , sex where I or we are
mindful of moral
ethical care
comfort , dread, grief , purpose ,
connected, disconnected , judgement ,
Role of Authority ,  submission ,
relationship , environment, abstention
church , park , temple , meditation , recycling , missions
Ego ” I think,


I am “






eat ,

have sex ,


release emotion,


where I am

To understand William James you must consider He was a pluralist
there are countles ways to define “self” or , “self concept” as modern psychologists say ,
so why define one at all ?
to argue if their is a “self or soul or that there is no self ”
how useful is it other than friendly ramblings over a beer at the bar ?

At first, when the laymen views psychiatry and medicine , he may ponder: does Anxiety disorder bipolar or personality disorder , this disorder that disorder really exist?

Truth happens to an idea.”

James makes a case for his version self concept , because its serves a need or a purpose that “happens” . or happens repetitiously.
Just the same , medical professionals today have agreed on defining “disorders” because they happen and reoccur in a clients life repetitiously

Rigorous testing and peer-review that has defines medical “disorder” or disorder diagnosis , serves medical treatment medical and a clients daily management. to improve life.
James “many selves” self concept. really a matrix, array or table of “self concept”
serves to manage daily happenings. The end is to justify concept. Williams James was a psychologist and ” the cash value ” from his philosophy lectures is a person-social relationship that James saw as functional, and clarified.


  1. http://mills-soc116.wikidot.com/notes:james-self-and-its-selves
    by DJJR James, William. 1890. “The Self And Its Selves”
  2. https://williamjamesstudies.org/the-concept-of-truth-that-matters/
    “Concept of truth that matters ” and other William James Studies

Many people complain because they feel that they feel either ambivalent , conflicted or pulled-apart when making decisions in their daily lives.
further more the complaint of no “self” or no self control or fragmentation.

social media and tv media can join the peer pressure of devaluing “self” as negative selfishness with little foundation or empiricism. (what use is these “truths” , especially no evidence ?)


Girl with a Mandolin – Fanny Tellier
Pablo Picasso

thus the need may arise to create or further their own self-concept.
here are some other links on different approaches of self-concept


Worksheet on Self.

below are free downloads with a table to fill in your own thoughts on Self .
maybe it can provoke thoughts on how you would define your own self concept:

Self-WilliamJames ODT format

Self-WilliamJames PDF format